If you are pregnant and diabetic, it is important to keep an eye on the foods you eat, their quantity, and which foods to avoid or limit. You must plan your diet along with a dietician so that you have all the nutrients essential for your and the baby’s health, and at the same time, you can keep your blood sugar levels under control.
Diet for diabetes in pregnancy plays a vital role in maintaining your sugar levels by consuming more of certain foods, limiting others, and having meals at similar times daily and at specific intervals. We will, through this article, walk you through the different types of diets for diabetic pregnant women for a healthy you and your healthy baby.
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Diabetes developed during pregnancy is called gestational diabetes, which usually goes away after delivery. But it is important to keep it controlled to avoid complications. You must have more quantities of food having low GI (Glycemic Index). However, the glucose levels must stay within the targets.
Glycemic Index: GI is a value that measures the amount of increase in blood sugar by consuming specific foods. The lower the GI of food, the less it will disturb your blood sugar levels. The foods include:
Distribution of food between 3 meals and 2-3 snacks helps keep your sugar levels in control.
Discuss with your dietician about the pregnancy diabetes diet chart for you and your baby’s good health and balance your blood sugar levels.
Pregnancy with type 1 diabetes requires thorough dietary consideration and planning to cope with the changing nutritional and insulin needs. Customized diet planning and insulin adjustments are important as the needs vary according to your weight, activity level, food preferences, etc. Some important food for diabetic pregnant women are:
This will help you eat well with diabetes in pregnancy without disturbing your sugar levels.
When you are pregnant with type 2 diabetes, it is crucial to keep your blood sugar at normal levels, which can be possible by regular exercise and eating a well-balanced and nutritious diet. Do not overeat, “eating for two” doesn’t mean that you eat twice your diet. You just need some extra calories, ranging from 1700-2700 a day, which your dietician can plan. The food for diabetic pregnant women is the same as that for type 1 and 2 diabetes. Still, it has to be personalized for each individual according to her needs to manage pregnancy diabetes with a healthy diet.
These foods must be skipped or limited in the pregnancy diabetes diet chart:
Always seek your dietician’s advice and follow the diet plan to incorporate all nutrients needed for you and your baby, and at the same time, keep control over your sugar levels.
Craving for sweet foods is normal during pregnancy, but when you already have diabetes, eating more sweets may disturb and spike up your sugar levels. This may be related to:
Always try to satisfy your cravings with healthy substitutes like cake desserts with fruit desserts, sugared drinks with natural unsweetened fruit juices or shakes, etc.
Managing diabetes in pregnancy with a healthy diet and exercise will keep your sugar levels and weight at optimal levels.
Some fruits that have a high glycemic index like ripe mangoes, overly ripe bananas, watermelon, etc. must be limited as they can spike up your blood glucose levels. Others like cherries, strawberries, apples, oranges, etc., have a low GI and can be eaten safely.
Uncontrolled diabetes, be it gestational or type1 or 2, during pregnancy can lead to several complications like:
Pregnancy diabetes is called Gestational diabetes, which develops during pregnancy and goes off after delivery in women who did not have diabetes before pregnancy.
Sugati – Centre for Diet and Wellness headed by Dr. Bipasha Das, the best dietician in Delhi NCR, assures you of providing personalized, simple, and sustainable diet solutions and meal planning to achieve your goal comfortably without craving or starving.